Facts about Vermont

History | Symbols | Interesting Facts | Famous People

Statehood:  March 4, 1791, the 14th state

Capital:  Montpelier

Total Area:  43rd among states, 24,923 sq km (9,623 sq mi)

Water Area:  948 sq km (366 sq mi)

Highest Point:  Mount Mansfield, 1,339 m (4,393 ft)

Total Population:   49th among states
2010 census -  6

Population Density in 2010:  67.9 people per sq mi

Distribution in 2000:  40.2% Urban, 59.8% Rural

Gross State Product - $26.4 billion (2010)
Personal income per Capita - $38,503 (2009)

Largest cities in 2010: 
Burlington:  42,217
Essex:  19,587
South Burlington:  17,904

  • In 1775 Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys won one of the first important American victories of the Revolutionary War by capturing Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point.

  • Montpelier, with 8247 residents, has the smallest population of any state capital.

  • Woodstock in central Vermont became the site of the nation's first ski tow in 1933.

  • Vermont was the first state after the original 13 colonies to join the United States.

  • In ratio of cows to people, Vermont has the greatest number of dairy cows in the country.

  • Vermont makes more maple syrup, marble and monument granite than any other state.

  • Vermont's largest employer is IBM.

  • United States Presidents born in Vermont, Chester A. Arthur (1881, 23rd President) and Calvin Coolidge (1923, 30th President)

  • The area which is today Vermont was first explored by Frenchman Samuel de Champlain in 1609, when he claimed it for his home country.

  • Vermont’s state capitol building is one of only a few to have a gold dome. A statue of Ceres sits atop the dome.

  • The first Ben and Jerry’s Ice Cream store opened in Burlington in 1978.