Facts about Montana

History | Symbols | Interesting Facts | Famous People

Statehood:  November 8, 1889, the 41st State.

Capital:  Helena

Total Area:  4th among States, 381,156 sq km (147,165 sq mi)

Water Area:  3,859 sq km (1,490 sq mi)

Highest Point:  Granite Peak 3,901 m (12,799 ft)

Total Population:  44th among states
2010 census - 989,415

Population Density in 2010:  6.8 people per sq mi

Distribution in 2000:  56.4% Urban, 43.6% Rural

Gross State Product - $37.2 billion (2010)
Personal income per Capita - $34,004 (2010)

Largest cities in 2010:  
Billings:  104,170
Missoula:  66,788
Great Falls:  58,505

  • The average square mile of land contains 1.4 elk, 1.4 pronghorn antelope, and 3.3 deer.

  • 46 out of Montana's 56 counties are considered "frontier counties" with an average population of 6 or fewer people per square mile. No state has as many different species of mammals as Montana.

  • Yellowstone National Park in southern Montana and northern Wyoming was the first national park in the nation.

  • The first luge run in North America was built at Lolo Hot Springs on Lolo Pass in 1965.

  •  The density of the state is six people per square mile.

  • Montana's rivers and streams provide water for three oceans and three of the North American continent's major river basins.

  • Every spring nearly 10,000 white pelicans with a wingspan of nine feet migrate from the Gulf of Mexico to Medicine Lake in northeastern Montana.

  • The Going to the Sun Road in Glacier Park is considered one of the most scenic drives in America.
  • More than 6 million tourists visit Yellowstone and Glacier national parks annually.

  • Among the approximately 100 species of mammals in Montana are elk, black bears, grizzly bears, antelope, bighorn sheep, mountain goats, moose, caribou, and mountain lions.

  • In 1940 the United States Army Corps of Engineers completed Fort Peck, one of the largest earthfill dams in the world.

  • In the Battle of the Little Bighorn, fought near Hardin in 1876, Lieutenant Colonel George A.  Custer and all his command were killed by Sioux and Cheyenne warriors.