Facts about Idaho

History | Symbols | Interesting Facts | Famous People

Statehood:  July 3, 1890, the 43rd state.

Capital:  Boise 

Total Area:  14th among states, 216,456 sq km (83,574 sq mi).

Water Area:  2,132 sq km (832 sq mi) 

Highest Point:  Borah Peak 3,859 m (12,662 ft)

Total Population:  39th among states
2010 census - 1,567,582

Population Density in 2010:  19 people per sq mi

Distribution in 2000:  66.4% Urban, 33.6% Rural

Gross State Product - $54.8 billion (2010)
Personal income per Capita - $31,632 (2009)

Largest cities in 2010:  
Boise:  205,671
Nampa:  81,557
Meridian:  75,092

  • Soda Springs is the largest man-made geyser in the world. 

  • The Cataldo mission is the oldest building in the state. 

  • The entire town of American Falls was moved in the 1920s when the original American Falls Dam was constructed. 

  • Bruneau Dunes State Park has the tallest single structured sand dune in North America. 

  • Shoshone Falls spills over a 212-foot drop near Twin Falls. 

  • Seven Devils’ Peaks has Heaven’s Gate Lookout where you can see into four states. 

  • Idaho, especially the city of Grace, is most famous for their certified seed potatoes. 

  • Treasure Valley, around Nampa, is known as Idaho’s Banana Belt. 

  • Anderson Dam is known for its blue-ribbon fly-fishing.
  • Idaho is the leading producer of potatoes in the nation, accounting for nearly one-third of the national production.

  • The town of Arco became the first community in the world electrified by nuclear power, when a local plant began production in 1951.

  • Hells Canyon, the deepest gorge in the United States, has a maximum depth of 2400 m (about 7900 ft).

  • In 1877 Native Americans of the Nez Percé tribe, led by Chief Joseph, fought off federal forces for months in parts of Idaho before surrendering near  the Canadian border.