Redwood National and State Parks

 


Facts about the trees

From a seed no bigger than one from a tomato, California's coast redwood (Sequoia semperviren) may grow to a height of 367 feet (122 m) and have a width of 22 feet (7 m) at its base.

Especially during summer, the North Coast is often gray with a thick layer of fog. Fog precipitates onto the forest greenery and then drips to the forest floor, providing a small bit of moisture during summer dry periods.

Aside from logging, the most frequent cause of death for mature redwoods is windthrow. The reason for this is that redwoods have no taproot. The roots only go down 10 to 13 feet (3-4 m) deep before spreading outward 60 to 80 feet (20-27 m).

Large redwoods move hundreds of gallons of water daily along their trunks from roots to crown. This water transpires into the atmosphere through the trees' foliage.

 

FAQ's

Is there a drive-through tree?
The famous drive-through tree, the Wawona Tree, was a giant sequoia in Yosemite National Park. It fell over in 1969 under a heavy snowfall. There are three drive-through trees along the coast, all coast redwoods. All are private businesses, which charge a small fee to drive your car through the tree. From north to south they are: Klamath Tour Thru Tree, Myers Flat Shrine Tree, and Leggett Chandelier Tree.

What is the total acreage of Redwood National and State Parks?
Currently, the park contains 112,613 acres (federal: 78,812; state: 33,801). The park was expanded in 1978 to 106,000 acres (authorized).

Which is bigger - a sequoia or a redwood?
Sequoias found in California's Sierra Nevada Mountains are larger in volume, but not taller.

Is the redwood the oldest tree in the world?
No. Bristlecone pines, found in many parts of the western United States, are the oldest. Some may be as old as 5,000 years.

How old are the oldest redwoods?
Some redwoods live to 2,000 years.

What is the average age of the redwood trees?
500-700 years old.

How many redwoods have been logged?
96 percent of the original old-growth coast redwoods have been logged.

How much of the remaining old-growth redwood forest exists within Redwood National and State Parks?
RNSP contains 45 percent of the remaining old-growth redwoods in California.

Where is the tallest redwood on record?
A tree dubbed the Tall Tree in the Tall Trees Grove was once measured at nearly 367.8 feet (120 m).

 

 



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